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12 September 2005

World and regional trends

 

Data and estimates are provided as available for the nearest year to the benchmark year 1990 and for the latest available year.

For detailed information on sources and definitions, click on the indicator.

For the regional classifications, see the Regional groupings relating to this table. United Nations geographical regions for statistical purposes are used unless otherwise indicated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
       
Target 1. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day
       
Regions      
       
Indicator 1. Population below $1 purchasing power parity (PPP) per day1,2
   
Percentage of population living below $1 per day
 
1990
2001
Developing countries and transition economies
27.9
21.3
  Northern Africa and Western Asia
2.2
2.7
  Sub-Saharan Africa
44.6
46.4
  Latin America and the Caribbean
11.3
9.5
  Eastern Asia
33.0
16.6
  Southern Asia
39.4
29.9
  South-Eastern Asia and Oceania
19.6
10.2
Commonwealth of Independent States
0.4
5.3
Transition countries of south-eastern Europe
0.2
2.0
       
1 High-income economies, as defined by the World Bank, are excluded.
2 Estimates updated by the World Bank in December 2004.
         
Indicator 2. Poverty gap ratio 1

(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2004 report).

   
Mean shortfall from poverty line, percentage 2
   
1990
1999
2001
Northern Africa
0.5
0.3
0.3
Sub-Saharan Africa
19.5
18.6
20.5
Latin America and the Caribbean
3.5
4.1
3.5
Eastern Asia
8.9
4.2
3.9
Southern Asia
10.3
7.1
7.1
South-Eastern Asia
3.8
2.0
1.7
Western Asia
0.4
1.0
0.9
Commonwealth of Independent States
0.2
2.9
1.0
Transition countries of south-eastern Europe
0.3
0.6
0.6
         
1 The poverty gap ratio measures the magnitude of poverty. Expressed as a percentage of the poverty line, it is the result of multiplying the proportion of people who live below the poverty line by the difference between the poverty line and the average income of the population living under the poverty line. If, for example, 30 per cent of the population live below the $1 a day line and on average the consumption or income of these people is 20 per cent below the poverty line (i.e., US$ 0.80), then the poverty gap ratio is 6 per cent.
2 High-income economies, as defined by the World Bank, are excluded.
         
Indicator 3. Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
         
No global or regional data are available.
         
Target 2. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
         
Regions  
         
Indicator 4. Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
         

(a) Total

       
     
Children under-five years of age who are underweight, percentage
     
1990
2003
Developing Regions  
33
28
  Northern Africa  
10
8
  Sub-Saharan Africa  
32
31
  Latin America and the Caribbean  
11
7
  Eastern Asia  
19
10
  Southern Asia  
53
47
  South-Eastern Asia  
38
29
  Western Asia  
11
10
  Oceania  
-
-
         
(b) By sex        
   
Children under-five years of age who are underweight, by sex, percentage in 1995-2003
   
Boys
Girls
Boys/Girls
Developing Regions
28
28
0.98
  Northern Africa
8
7
1.12
  Sub-Saharan Africa
30
28
1.04
  Latin America and the Caribbean
8
8
1.01
  Eastern Asia
11
11
0.96
  Southern Asia
43
46
0.95
  South-Eastern Asia
30
30
1.00
  Western Asia
17
16
1.07
  Oceania
-
-
-
         
Indicator 5. Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption
   
Percentage of undernourished in total population
     
1990-1992
2000-2002
Developing Regions  
20
17
  Northern Africa  
4
4
  Sub-Saharan Africa  
36
33
  Latin America and the Caribbean  
13
10
  Eastern Asia  
16
11
  Southern Asia  
25
22
  South-Eastern Asia  
18
13
  Western Asia  
7
10
  Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia  
16 1
23
  Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe  
41
4

Other transition countries in Europe 2

 
31
3
Least Developed Countries (LDCs)  
38
36
Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)  
-
33
Small Island Developing States (SIDS)  
25
19
         
1 Data refer to the period 1993 – 1995.
2 Includes: MDGs Transition countries of south-eastern Europe (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, TFYR of Macedonia) and other European countries (Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia).
         
Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education
         
Target 3. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
         
Regions        
         
Indicator 6. Net enrolment ratio in primary education
         
   
Primary-level enrolees per 100 children of enrolment age
   
1990/91
1998/99
2001/02
World
81.6
84.1
84.2
  Developing Regions
79.5
82.6
82.6
    Northern Africa
81.7
88.1
91.9
    Sub-Saharan Africa
53.9
57.1
62.2
    Latin America and the Caribbean
86.3
94.4
95.7
    Eastern Asia
97.2
-
94.9
    Southern Asia
72.7
-
79.3
    South-Eastern Asia
92.4
89.6
90.9
    Western Asia
81.0
80.2
82.9
    Oceania
74.2
77.0
76.0
  Commonwealth of Independent States
89.0
84.7
91.1
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
84.7
86.9
94.4
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
91.1
-
88.3
  Developed Regions
96.2
96.4
95.7
  Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
53.0
59.8
62.0
  Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)
54.1
60.3
64.9
  Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
66.1
83.1
82.9
         
Indicator 7. Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5
               
7a. Primary Completion Rate (PCR)
   
Percentage of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school 1
   
1998/99
2001/02
   
Total
Boys
Girls
Total
Boys
Girls
World
83.3
86.2
80.2
85.0
87.5
82.3
  Developing Regions
80.7
84.0
77.2
83.0
85.9
79.8
    Northern Africa
85.5
89.0
81.8
85.5
87.1
83.9
    Sub-Saharan Africa
49.4
54.4
44.4
52.8
57.0
48.6
    Latin America and the            
    Caribbean
89.0
86.6
91.5
98.0
97.2
98.9
    Eastern Asia
104.82
104.22
105.42
104.2
104.1
104.2
    Southern Asia
71.8
78.9
64.3
75.4
81.5
68.9
    South-Eastern Asia
87.9
88.8
87.0
92.7
92.8
92.6
    Western Asia
77.2
82.9
71.1
76.3
81.1
71.3
    Oceania
62.7
63.4
61.9
63.3
64.5
62.0
  Commonwealth of            
  Independent States
94.3
-
-
95.5
95.8
95.1
    Commonwealth of            
    Independent States, Asia
96.3
97.0
95.6
97.9
98.7
97.0
    Commonwealth of            
    Independent States, Europe
93.1
-
-
93.9
94.0
93.8
  Developed Regions
100.0
100.3
99.6
98.8
-
-
  Least Developed Countries            
  (LDCs)
48.5
53.4
43.5
50.1
54.0
46.1
  Landlocked Developing            
  Countries (LLDCs)
53.7
59.1
48.1
57.4
63.4
51.3
  Small Island Developing            
  States (SIDS)
73.5
73.2
73.8
78.4
77.8
78.9
               
1 The primary completion rate is calculated through the Gross Intake Rate at the Last Grade of Primary : "Total number of new entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade". Global Education Digest 2004 (page 149) - Comparing Education Statistics Across the World, UNESCO Institute for Statistics.
2 Data refer to 1999/2000.
               
Indicator 8. Literacy rate of 15–24 year–olds
               
   
Literacy rate, 1990 and 2000-2004 (percentage)
   
1990
2000/04 1
   
Total
Men
Women
Total
Men
Women
World
84.3
88.2
80.1
87.3
90.7
83.8
  Developing Regions
80.9
85.8
75.8
84.9
89.0
80.7
    Northern Africa
66.3
76.3
55.8
78.5
84.1
72.5
    Sub-Saharan Africa
67.4
74.9
59.8
74.0
79.0
69.3
    Latin America and the Caribbean
92.7
92.7
92.7
95.5
95.2
95.9
    Eastern Asia
95.5
97.6
93.3
98.9
99.2
98.6
    Southern Asia
61.5
71.1
51.0
72.4
81.6
62.8
    South-Eastern Asia
94.3
95.5
93.1
95.7
96.4
95.1
    Western Asia
80.1
88.2
71.5
85.7
90.7
80.3
    Oceania
73.5
78.5
68.0
81.3
84.4
78.1
  Commonwealth of Independent            
  States
99.2
99.2
99.2
99.8
99.8
99.8
    Commonwealth of Independent            
    States, Asia
99.7
99.7
99.7
99.8
99.8
99.8
    Commonwealth of Independent            
    States, Europe
99.8
99.8
99.8
99.8
99.8
99.8
  Developed Regions
99.7
99.7
99.6
99.7
99.7
99.7
  Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
56.3
65.6
47.0
64.2
71.3
57.3
  Landlocked Developing Countries            
  (LLDCs)
65.0
72.3
57.8
71.8
76.9
67.1
  Small Island Developing States            
  (SIDS)
84.8
85.8
83.6
86.6
87.2
86.1
               
1 Data refer to the latest literacy estimates and projections released by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) for the reference period 2000-2004.
               
Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
         
Target 4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015
         
Regions        
         
Indicator 9. Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
(a) Primary level
   
Ratio of girls' gross enrolment ratios to boys' gross enrolment ratios
   
1990/91
1998/99
2001/02
World
0.89
0.92
0.93
  Developing Regions
0.87
0.91
0.92
    Northern Africa
0.82
0.90
0.93
    Sub-Saharan Africa
0.83
0.84
0.86
    Latin America and the Caribbean
0.98
0.98
0.98
    Eastern Asia
0.93
1.01
1.00
    Southern Asia
0.76
0.83
0.85
    South-Eastern Asia
0.96
0.96
0.97
    Western Asia
0.83
0.87
0.89
    Oceania
0.90
0.95
0.93
  Commonwealth of Independent States
0.99
0.99
0.99
    Commonwealth of Independent States,      
    Asia
0.99
0.98
0.98
    Commonwealth of Independent States,      
    Europe
1.00
0.99
0.99
  Developed Regions
0.99
1.00
1.00
  Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
0.78
0.84
0.87
  Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)
0.81
0.82
0.85
  Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
0.96
0.97
0.97
       
(b) Secondary level      
 
Ratio of girls' gross enrolment ratios to boys' gross enrolment ratios
   
1998/99
2001/02
World  
0.90
0.92
  Developing Regions  
0.87
0.89
    Northern Africa  
0.94
0.96
    Sub-Saharan Africa  
0.81
0.79
    Latin America and the Caribbean  
1.09
1.07
    Eastern Asia  
-
0.931
    Southern Asia  
0.74
0.79
    South-Eastern Asia  
0.96
0.98
    Western Asia  
0.76
0.79
    Oceania  
0.89
0.91
  Commonwealth of Independent States  
1.02
0.99
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
0.98
0.97
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
-
1.01
  Developed Regions  
1.01
1.02
  Least Developed Countries (LDCs)  
0.76
0.81
  Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)  
0.80
0.83
  Small Island Developing States (SIDS)  
1.05
1.04
       
1 Data refer to 2000/2001.
       
(c) Tertiary level      
 
Ratio of girls' gross enrolment ratios to boys' gross enrolment ratios
   
1998/99
2001/02
World  
0.97
0.98
  Developing Regions  
-
0.80
    Northern Africa  
0.68
0.82
    Sub-Saharan Africa  
0.62
0.68
    Latin America and the Caribbean  
1.02
1.14
    Eastern Asia  
-
-
    Southern Asia  
0.671
0.71
    South-Eastern Asia  
1.00
1.05
    Western Asia  
0.84
0.86
    Oceania  
0.64
-
  Commonwealth of Independent States  
1.23
1.26
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
0.98
0.98
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
1.27
1.30
  Developed Regions  
1.19
1.24
  Least Developed Countries (LDCs)  
0.61
0.62
  Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)  
0.75
0.79
  Small Island Developing States (SIDS)  
1.15
1.29
       
1 Data refer to 1999/2000.
       
Indicator 10. Ratio of literate women to men, 15–24 year–olds
         
   
Ratio of female-to-male youth literacy rates
     
1990
2000/041
World  
0.91
0.92
  Developing Regions  
0.88
0.91
    Northern Africa  
0.73
0.86
    Sub-Saharan Africa  
0.80
0.88
    Latin America and the Caribbean  
1.00
1.01
    Eastern Asia  
0.96
0.99
    Southern Asia  
0.72
0.77
    South-Eastern Asia  
0.97
0.99
    Western Asia  
0.81
0.89
    Oceania  
0.87
0.93
  Commonwealth of Independent States  
1.00
1.00
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia  
1.00
1.00
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe  
1.00
1.00
  Developed Regions  
1.00
1.00
  Least Developed Countries (LDCs)  
0.72
0.80
  Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)  
0.80
0.87
  Small Island Developing States (SIDS)  
0.97
0.99
         
1 Data refer to the latest literacy estimates and projections released by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) for the reference period 2000-2004.
         
Indicator 11. Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
     
Share of women in non-agricultural employment
 
1990
2003
World
35.9
39.1
    Northern Africa
18.9
21.5
    Sub-Saharan Africa
31.5
35.8
    Latin America and the Caribbean
38.2
43.5
    Eastern Asia
37.9
40.0
    Southern Asia
13.4
18.0
    South-Eastern Asia
36.5
38.6
    Western Asia
16.6
20.2
    Oceania
28.9
37.3
  Commonwealth of Independent States
49.3
50.3
  Developed Regions
43.5
46.4
         
Indicator 12. Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament
   

Percentage of Parliamentary seats occupied by women
(Single or Lower House only)

   
1990
1997
20051
World
12.4
11.4
15.9
  Developing Regions
10.4
10.1
14.3
    Northern Africa
2.6
1.8
8.5
    Sub-Saharan Africa
7.2
9.0
14.2
    Latin America and the Caribbean
11.9
12.4
19.0
    Eastern Asia
20.2
19.3
19.4
    Southern Asia
5.7
5.9
8.3
    South-Eastern Asia
10.4
10.8
15.5
    Western Asia
4.6
3.0
5.0
    Oceania
1.2
1.6
3.0
  Commonwealth of Independent States
-
6.2
10.5
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
-
7.0
11.5
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
-
5.4
10.5
  Developed Regions
15.4
15.6
20.9
  Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
7.3
7.3
12.7
  Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)
14.0
6.6
13.2
  Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
14.4
11.0
17.3
       
1 As of 1 January 2005.
       
Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
         
Target 5. Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
         
Regions        
         
Indicator 13. Under-five mortality rate
     
Deaths per 1,000 live births
     
1990
2003
World  
95
80
  Developing Regions  
105
88
    Northern Africa  
87
38
    Sub-Saharan Africa  
185
172
    Latin America and the Caribbean  
54
32
    Eastern Asia  
48
37
    Southern Asia  
126
90
    South-Eastern Asia  
78
46
    Western Asia  
68
60
    Oceania  
86
77
  Commonwealth of Independent States  
46
46
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia  
83
78
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe  
21
21
  Developed Regions  
11
7
         
Indicator 14. Infant mortality rate
     
Deaths per 1,000 live births
     
1990
2003
World  
64
55
  Developing Regions  
71
60
    Northern Africa  
66
33
    Sub-Saharan Africa  
110
102
    Latin America and the Caribbean  
43
27
    Eastern Asia  
37
30
    Southern Asia  
87
65
    South-Eastern Asia  
54
35
    Western Asia  
53
48
    Oceania  
63
58
  Commonwealth of Independent States  
39
37
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia  
68
64
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe  
20
16
  Developed Regions  
10
6
         
Indicator 15. Proportion of 1-year-old children immunized against measles
   
Percentage of children 12-23 months old who received at least one dose of measles vaccine
     
1990
2003
World  
73
77
  Developing Regions  
71
75
    Northern Africa  
85
93
    Sub-Saharan Africa  
56
61
    Latin America and the Caribbean  
76
93
    Eastern Asia  
98
85
    Southern Asia  
58
69
    South-Eastern Asia  
71
79
    Western Asia  
80
84
    Oceania  
70
57
  Commonwealth of Independent States  
85
97
  Developed Regions  
84
92
         
Goal 5. Improve maternal health
   
Target 6. Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio
   
Regions  
   
Indicator 16. Maternal mortality ratio
   
Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births
       
2000
World    
400
  Developing Regions    
450
    Northern Africa    
130
    Sub-Saharan Africa    
920
    Latin America and the Caribbean    
190
    Eastern Asia    
55
    Southern Asia    
540
    South-Eastern Asia    
210
    Western Asia    
190
    Oceania    
240
  Commonwealth of Independent States    
68
  Developed Regions    
14
         
Indicator 17. Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
     
Percentage of deliveries
     
1990
2003
Developing Regions  
41
57
   Northern Africa  
41
76
   Sub-Saharan Africa  
40
41
   Latin America and the Caribbean  
74
86
   Eastern Asia  
51
82
   Southern Asia  
28
37
   South-Eastern Asia  
34
64
   Western Asia  
61
62
         
Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
   
Target 7. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
   
Regions  
   
Indicator 18. HIV/AIDS prevalence
         
   
1990
2001
2004
   
Estimated adult (15-49) HIV prevalence (%)
Percent of adults living with HIV who are women (%)
Estimated adult (15-49) HIV prevalence (%)
Percent of adults living with HIV who are women (%)
Estimated adult (15-49) HIV prevalence (%)
Percent of adults living with HIV who are women (%)
Developing Regions
0.37
1.19
1.26
  Northern Africa
<0.1
<20
<0.1
<20
0.1
<20
  Sub-Saharan Africa
2.7
54
7.3
57
7.2
57
  Latin America and            
  the Caribbean
0.3
33
0.6
38
0.7
39
  Eastern Asia
<0.1
<20
0.1
20
0.1
22
  Southern Asia
0.1
<20
0.5
27
0.7
30
  South-Eastern Asia
0.1
<20
0.5
29
0.5
30
  Western Asia
<0.1
<20
<0.1
<20
<0.1
<20
  Oceania
<0.1
<20
0.4
29
0.6
31
  Commonwealth of            
  Independent States,            
  Asia
<0.1
<20
<0.1
32
0.2
33
  Commonwealth of            
  Independent States,            
  Europe
<0.1
<20
0.8
32
1.2
35
Developed Regions
0.2
<20
0.4
26
0.5
29
               
Indicator 19. Condom use rate of the contraceptive prevalence rate
           
No global or regional data are available.
           
(a) Condom use at last high-risk sex
   
Percentage of population aged 15-24 who used a condom at last high-risk sex1, 1999/2003
   
Women 15-24
Men 15-24
   
Number of countries covered by the surveys
Percentage who used a condom at last high-risk sex1
Number of countries covered by the surveys
Percentage who used a condom at last high-risk sex1
  Sub-Saharan        
  Africa
23
25
22
43
  Latin America and        
  the Caribbean
5
24
2
41
  Southern Asia        
  (India)
1
51
1
59
Commonwealth of        
Independent States
1
32
3
54
           
1 Percentage of young women and men 15-24 reporting the use of a condom during sexual intercourse with a non-regular sexual partner in the last 12 months, among those who had such a partner in the last 12 months.
           
(b) Percentage of population aged 15-24 with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
   
Percentage of population with comprehensive knowledge1, 1999/2003
   
Women 15-24
Men 15-24
   
Number of countries covered by the surveys
Percentage who have comprehensive knowledge1
Number of countries covered by the surveys
Percentage who have comprehensive knowledge1
  Sub-Saharan        
  Africa
32
21
14
30
  Latin America and        
  the Caribbean
6
28
1
24
  Eastern Asia        
  (Mongolia)
1
32
-
-
  Southern Asia        
  (India)
1
21
1
17
  South-Eastern        
  Asia
3
13
-
-
Commonwealth of        
Independent States
6
7
2
7
Developed Regions        
(Albania)
1
0
-
-
           
1 Percentage of young women and men 15-24 who correctly identify the two major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (using condoms and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner), who reject two common local misconceptions, and who know that a healthy-looking person can transmit the AIDS virus.
           
Indicator 20. Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14
           
   
Orphans to non-orphans school attendance ratio1, 1999/2003
   
Number of countries covered by the surveys
Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans1
Sub-Saharan Africa
37
0.78
Latin America and the Caribbean
6
0.89
South-Eastern Asia
2
0.81
           
1 Ratio of the current school attendance rate of children aged 10-14 both of whose biological parents have died to the current school attendance rate of children 10-14 both of whose parents are still alive and who currently live with at least one biological parent.
           
Target 8. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
         
Regions        
         
Indicator 21. Prevalence and deaths associated with malaria 1
         
(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2003 report).
     
Number of deaths per 100,000 children aged 0-4 years
   
2000
 
World  
148
 
  Developing Regions  
166
 
    Northern Africa  
47
 
    Sub-Saharan Africa  
791
 
    Latin America and the Caribbean  
1
 
    Eastern Asia  
0
 
    South-Central Asia  
6
 
    South-Eastern Asia  
2
 
    Western Asia  
26
 
    Oceania  
2
 
  Developed Regions  
0
 
         
1 Regions according to MDG regional composition adopted for 2003 reporting available at: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mi/mi_worldmillennium1.asp
         

(Data on malaria prevalence are not available).

         
Indicator 22. Population in malaria risk areas using effective malaria prevention and treatment measures
         
(a) Prevention - Children under 5 who sleep under insecticide-treated bed nets
     
1999/2004
(percentage)
Sub-Saharan Africa (34 countries)  
3
 
       
(b) Treatment - Children under 5 years with fever who are appropriately treated
   
1999/2004
(percentage)
Sub-Saharan Africa (33 countries)  
38
 
South-Eastern Asia (3 countries)  
2
 
         
Indicator 23. Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
           
(a) Incidence
   
Number of new cases per 100,000 population
   (excluding HIV-infected)
   
1990
2001
2002
2003
World
119
128
128
129
  Developing Regions
145
151
152
153
    Northern Africa
59
51
50
50
    Sub-Saharan Africa
142
253
263
274
    Latin America and the Caribbean
99
68
65
63
    Eastern Asia
117
105
104
103
    Southern Asia
171
168
168
168
    South-Eastern Asia
248
237
236
235
    Western Asia
60
52
52
52
    Oceania
204
173
171
168
  Commonwealth of Independent States
49
107
106
104
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
59
106
110
114
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
46
107
104
100
  Developed Regions
29
19
18
17
           
(b) Prevalence
   
Number of cases per 100,000 population
   (excluding HIV-infected)
   
1990
2001
2002
2003
World
308
265
254
240
  Developing Regions
386
320
307
288
    Northern Africa
125
53
52
52
    Sub-Saharan Africa
323
471
471
485
    Latin America and the Caribbean
156
97
93
89
    Eastern Asia
325
264
258
239
    Southern Asia
493
374
350
306
    South-Eastern Asia
726
505
466
446
    Western Asia
117
77
77
78
    Oceania
569
415
353
369
  Commonwealth of Independent States
82
154
150
147
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
99
141
138
146
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
77
159
155
147
  Developed Regions
36
22
20
20
           
(c) Deaths
   
Number of cases per 100,000 population
   (excluding HIV-infected)
   
1990
2001
2002
2003
World
27
26
25
24
  Developing Regions
34
31
30
29
    Northern Africa
14
4
4
4
    Sub-Saharan Africa
36
53
53
54
    Latin America and the Caribbean
14
9
9
9
    Eastern Asia
25
19
19
18
    Southern Asia
44
39
37
34
    South-Eastern Asia
60
48
46
44
    Western Asia
12
8
8
9
    Oceania
43
37
35
33
  Commonwealth of Independent States
8
17
17
17
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
10
15
16
17
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
8
18
17
17
  Developed Regions
5
2
2
2
           
Indicator 24. Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment strategy (DOTS)
           
(a) New cases detected under DOTS
   
DOTS smear-positive case detection rate (%)
   
2000
2001
2002
2003
World
28
32
37
45
  Developing Regions
29
33
38
46
    Northern Africa
82
80
83
84
    Sub-Saharan Africa
36
39
45
48
    Latin America and the Caribbean
42
41
45
48
    Eastern Asia
30
31
31
44
    Southern Asia
14
23
29
41
    South-Eastern Asia
38
42
48
53
    Western Asia
28
28
27
26
    Oceania
13
14
22
21
  Commonwealth of Independent States
12
12
17
18
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
37
34
47
42
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
4
5
6
9
  Developed Regions
22
28
40
43
           
(b) Patients successfully treated under DOTS
   
Treatment success (%)
   
1999
2001
2002
2002
World
80
82
82
82
  Developing Regions
81
82
82
82
    Northern Africa
87
88
84
88
    Sub-Saharan Africa
69
72
71
73
    Latin America and the Caribbean
84
81
82
83
    Eastern Asia
96
94
96
92
    Southern Asia
82
83
85
86
    South-Eastern Asia
79
86
86
86
    Western Asia
82
81
83
85
    Oceania
75
76
76
64
  Commonwealth of Independent States
77
76
75
75
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
79
78
77
78
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
65
68
67
66
  Developed Regions
76
74
75
76
           
Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
 
Target 9. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources
         
Regions        
         
Indicator 25. Proportion of land area covered by forest
         
(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2004 report).
     
Percentage of land area
   
1990
2000
World  
30.3
29.6
    Northern Africa  
1.0
1.0
    Sub-Saharan Africa  
29.3
27.1
    Latin America and the Caribbean  
50.1
47.8
      Caribbean  
24.4
25.0
      Latin America  
50.4
48.0
    Eastern Asia  
15.4
17.0
    Southouthern Asia  
13.5
13.3
    South-Eastern Asia  
53.9
48.6
    Western Asia  
3.1
3.1
    Oceania  
68.0
65.7
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia  
5.1
5.8
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe  
48.9
49.2
  Developed Regions  
25.7
25.9
         
Indicator 26. Area protected to maintain biological diversity
         
   
Protected area ratio to total territorial area (terrestrial and sea)
   
1994
2000
2004
World
11.2
12.3
12.9
  Developing Regions
11.0
11.8
12.6
    Northern Africa
4.2
4.4
4.6
    Sub-Saharan Africa
11.1
11.2
11.3
    Latin America and the Caribbean
15.9
17.3
17.8
    Eastern Asia
8.3
10.4
14.4
    Southern Asia
5.2
5.6
5.9
    South-Eastern Asia
8.3
9.4
9.4
    Western Asia 1
22.2
22.7
22.7
    Oceania
2.4
2.5
2.5
  Commonwealth of Independent States
7.5
7.7
7.7
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
3.6
3.9
3.9
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
8.3
8.6
8.6
  Developed Regions
13.9
16.1
16.7
  Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
10.0
10.2
10.2
  Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)
10.4
11.3
11.6
  Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
3.5
4.0
4.7
         
1 The figure is due to the existence of one large protected area in Saudi Arabia.
         
Indicator 27. Energy use (kg oil equivalent) per $1 GDP (PPP) 1
         
   
Consumption of kg oil equivalent per $1,000 GDP (PPP)
   
1990
2002
World  
259
216
  Developing Regions  
269
217
    Northern Africa  
167
173
    Sub-Saharan Africa  
356
361
    Latin America and the Caribbean  
169
164
    Eastern Asia  
424
221
    Southern Asia  
245
209
    South-Eastern Asia  
202
214
    Western Asia  
258
292
  Commonwealth of Independent States
566
554
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
725
657
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
552
539
  Transition countries in south-eastern Europe
415
269
  Developed Regions  
218
193
  Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
259
251
         
1 Data are not directly comparable with earlier series because constant price GDP has been rescaled to year 2000 international (PPP) dollars.
         
Indicators 28. Carbon dioxide emissions and consumption of ozone-depleting chloroflourocarbons (CFCs)
               
(a) Carbon dioxide emissions: Total and per capita
   
   
Millions of metric tons of CO2
Per capita emissions (metric tons)
1990
2002
1990
2002
Fossil fuel sources 1        
World 2
21,346
24,348
4.05
3.91
  Developed regions 3,4,5
11,522
12,236
12.62
12.58
  Developing regions 6
6,817
10,239
1.68
2.07
  CIS 7
3,196
2,163
11.28
7.73
               
1 Total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuels (expressed in million metric tons of CO2) includes CO2 emissions from: solid fuel consumption, liquid fuel consumption, gas fuel consumption; cement production; and gas flaring.
2 Based on data provided by the Unites States Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).
3 Based on the annual national emission inventories of annex I countries (with the exception of Belarus, Russian Federation and Ukraine, which are included in CIS) that report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; non-annex I countries do not have annual reporting obligations.
4 In order to assess trends for Annex 1 countries as a group, the aggregate figures for 2002 include data referring to a previous year for countries where 2002 data were not available. Data refer to 1999 for Liechtenstein, and to 2001 for Poland.
5 Excluding emissions/sinks from land-use change and forestry.
6 Based on data provided by CDIAC.
7 Based on data provided by CDIAC. The 1990 columns show 1992 data for CIS countries.
               
(b) Ozone-depleting CFCs
               
(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2004 report).
       
CFC Consumption in thousand ODP tonnes
       
1986
1990
1996
2002
World
1,081
732
175
91
  Industrialised regions
938
618
24
1
  Developing regions
143
114
151
90
         
Indicator 29. Proportion of population using solid fuels
         
   
Percentage of population using solid fuels
       
1996/2003
World    
54
    Northern Africa    
<5
    Sub-Saharan Africa    
80
    Latin America and the Caribbean    
16
    Eastern Asia    
75
    Southern Asia    
72
    South-Eastern Asia    
67
    Western Asia    
12
    Oceania    
73
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia    
47
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe    
9
  Developed Regions    
<5
  Least Developed Countries (LDCs)    
89
  Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)    
80
  Small Island Developing States (SIDS)    
39
         
Target 10. Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
   
Regions  
   
Indicator 30. Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban and rural
         
(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2004 report).
   
Percentage of population
   
1990
2002
   
Total
Urban
Rural
Total
Urban
Rural
World
77
95
63
83
95
72
  Developing Regions
71
93
59
79
92
70
    Northern Africa
88
95
82
90
96
84
    Sub-Saharan Africa
49
82
36
58
82
45
    Latin America and the Caribbean
83
93
58
89
95
69
    Eastern Asia
72
99
60
78
93
68
    Southern Asia
71
90
64
84
94
80
    South-Eastern Asia
73
91
65
79
91
70
    Western Asia
83
94
65
88
95
74
    Oceania
51
92
39
52
91
40
  Commonwealth of Independent States
92
97
83
93
99
82
  Developed Regions
100
100
99
98
100
94
               
Indicator 31. Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation, urban and rural
         
(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2004 report).
   
Percentage of population
   
1990
2002
   
Total
Urban
Rural
Total
Urban
Rural
World
49
79
25
58
81
37
  Developing Regions
34
68
16
49
73
31
    Northern Africa
65
84
47
73
89
57
    Sub-Saharan Africa
32
54
24
36
55
26
    Latin America and the Caribbean
69
82
35
75
84
44
    Eastern Asia
24
64
7
45
69
30
    Southern Asia
20
54
7
37
66
24
    South-Eastern Asia
48
67
39
61
79
49
    Western Asia
79
96
52
79
95
49
    Oceania
58
83
50
55
84
46
  Commonwealth of Independent States
84
93
68
83
92
65
  Developed Regions
100
100
99
98
100
92
               
Target 11. By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
 
Indicator 32. Proportion of households with access to secure tenure
           
(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2004 report).
   
Slum population
(millions)
Percentage of urban population living in slums
   
1990
2001
    1990
    2001
World
721.6
924.0
31.6
31.6
  Developing Regions
660.9
860.1
47.0
43.3
    Northern Africa
21.7
21.4
37.7
28.2
    Sub-Saharan Africa
101.0
166.2
72.3
71.9
    Latin America and the Caribbean
110.8
127.6
35.4
31.9
    Eastern Asia
150.8
193.8
41.1
36.4
    Eastern Asia excluding China
12.8
15.6
25.3
25.4
    Southern Asia
198.7
253.1
63.7
59.0
    South-Eastern Asia
49.0
56.8
36.8
28.0
    Western Asia
28.6
40.7
34.4
35.3
    Oceania
0.4
0.5
24.5
24.1
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
9.7
9.8
30.3
29.4
    Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
9.2
8.9
6.0
6.0
  Developed Regions
41.8
45.2
6.0
6.0
  Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
81.9
140.1
76.3
78.2
  Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)
46.5
47.3
48.4
56.5
  Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
5.7
7.3
24.0
24.4
           
Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development
 

Target 12. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system.
Includes a commitment to good governance, development, and poverty reduction – both nationally and internationally

 

Target 13. Address the special needs of the least developed countries.
Includes: tariff and quota free access for least developed countries' exports; enhanced programme of debt relief for HIPC and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction

 

Target 14. Address the special needs of landlocked countries and small island developing States (through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty-second special session of the General Assembly)

 

Target 15. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term

 
Official development assistance (ODA)
 
Indicator 33. Net ODA, to all developing and least developed countries
           
(a) Annual total assistance (US$ billions)
 
1990
2001
2002
2003
2004
All developing countries
52.7
52.4
58.3
69.0
79.0
LDCs
15.2
12.9
15.9
22.5
n.a.
         
(b) Share of OECD/DAC donors’ gross national income (Percentage)
 
1990
2001
2002
2003
All developing countries
0.33
0.22
0.23
0.25
LDCs
0.09
0.05
0.06
0.08
           
Indicator 34. Proportion of bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors allocated to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
           
   
Percentage of bilateral, sector-allocable aid
   
1996-1997
1998-1999
2000-2001
2002-2003
All OECD/DAC countries
8.8
12.3
14.6
16.8
In billion US$
2.4
3.0
4.0
5.7
           
Indicator 35. Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
         
   
Percentage of aid that is untied
   
1990
2002
2003
All OECD/DAC countries1
67.6
84.9
92.0
In billion US$
16.3
21.0
28.8
         
1 Based on only some 40% of total ODA commitments from OECD/DAC countries, as it excludes technical co-operation and administrative costs, as well as all ODA from Austria, Luxembourg, New Zealand and the United States that do not report the tying status of their ODA.
         
Indicator 36. ODA received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national incomes
         
   
Percentage of recipients' GNIs
   
1990
2002
2003
Landlocked developing countries
6.5
7.6
7.4
In billion US$
6.9
8.8
9.9
         
Indicator 37. ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their national incomes
         
   
Percentage of recipients' GNIs
   
1990
2002
2003
Small island developing States
2.8
1.1
1.1
In billion US$
2.1
1.7
1.7
         
Market access
 
Indicator 38. Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and least developed coutries, admitted free of duty
           
   
Percentage of total developed country imports
   
1996
2001
2002
2003
(a) Excluding arms        
Developing countries
48.2
62.6
64.8
69.7
LDCs
70.3
77.5
78.0
80.5
(b) Excluding arms and oil
Developing countries
44.7
60.2
63.4
63.9
LDCs
77.4
70.4
69.2
72.1
           
Indicators 39. Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countries
           
   
Percentage
   
1996
2001
2002
2003
(a) Agriculture        
Developing countries
11.1
9.9
10.1
10.1
LDCs
4.6
3.5
3.6
3.8
(b) Textile
Developing countries
7.9
7.2
6.5
6.4
LDCs
4.4
3.9
3.8
3.5
(b) Clothing
Developing countries
11.8
11.8
11.1
10.8
LDCs
8.4
7.9
8.3
7.8
           
Indicator 40. Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as a percentage of their gross domestic product
         
   
Agricultural support estimate in OECD countries
   
1990
2002
2003(p)
As percentage of OECD countries' GDP
1.8
1.2
1.2
In billion US$
317
314
350
         
(p) = preliminary
         
Indicator 41. Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity
         
   
TRTA/CB as a percent of total sector allocable ODA
   
2001
2002
2003
World
4.0
3.8
4.5
    Africa
4.2
4.3
5.6
    America
5.6
3.9
9.2
    Asia
2.3
2.9
2.5
    Europe
3.0
6.1
6.5
    Oceania
3.3
3.7
3.7
  Global programmes
9.0
4.0
4.2
         
Debt sustainability
 
Indicator 42. Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points
         
     
Number of countries
     
2000
20051
Reached completion point
1
18
Reached decision point but not completion point
21
9
Yet to be considered for decision point
16
11
Total eligible countries
38
38
         
1 As of April 2005.
         
Indicator 43. Debt relief committed under HIPC initiative
(US$ billions, cumulative)
     
2000
20051
To countries that reached decision or completion point
34
54.5
         
1 As of January 2005.
         
Indicator 44. Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
         
   
Ratio of debt service to exports
   
1990
1995
2003
  Northern Africa
-
-
-
  Sub-Saharan Africa
11.0
10.0
6.5
  Latin America and Caribbean
20.6
18.6
19.6
  Eastern Asia
4.7
4.5
1.9
  Southern Asia
17.7
26.9
13.4
  South-Eastern Asia
-
-
-
  Western Asia
-
-
-
  Oceania
14.0
7.8
6.9
Commonwealth of Independent States
-
6.0
7.4
  Commonwealth of Independent States, Asia
-
4.3
6.5
  Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe
-
6.2
7.5
Transition countries in South-eastern Europe
9.4
11.7
9.8
         
Target 16. In co-operation with developing countries, develop and implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth
   
Regions  
   
Indicator 45. Unemployment rate of young people aged 15–24 years
         
(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2004 report).
   
1993
2003
   
Total
Women
Men
Total
Women
Men
World
11.7
11.2
12.1
14.4
14.2
14.5
    Northern Africa
30.7
39.7
27.1
29.4
39.1
25.5
    Sub-Saharan Africa
21.9
19.5
23.7
21.1
18.6
23.0
    Latin America and the Caribbean
12.4
15.5
10.7
16.6
20.8
14.0
    Eastern Asia
4.8
4.1
5.5
7.0
5.8
8.1
    Southern Asia
13.3
14.6
12.7
14.6
17.1
13.5
    South-Eastern Asia
8.8
9.3
8.4
16.5
17.7
15.6
    Western Asia
19.0
19.6
18.7
20.8
22.5
20.1
    Oceania
7.5
7.8
7.3
8.7
9.2
8.4
  Commonwealth of Independent States
9.4
9.0
9.7
14.6
14.7
14.5
  Developed Regions
16.7
16.5
16.8
14.6
14.2
15.0
               
Indicator 45a. Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate, 1993-2003
         
(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2004 report).
   
1993
2000
2003
  Northern Africa
3.2
2.9
3.0
  Sub-Saharan Africa
3.6
3.5
3.5
  Latin America and the Caribbean
2.8
2.7
3.1
  Eastern Asia
3.1
3.0
2.9
  Southern Asia
5.6
5.8
5.8
  South-Eastern Asia
3.9
5.0
4.8
  Western Asia
3.4
3.3
3.0
  Oceania
3.1
3.3
3.3
Commonwealth of Independent States
3.1
2.4
2.5
Developed Regions
2.4
2.4
2.3
       
Indicator 45b. Share of youth unemployment in total unemployment, 1993-2003
       
(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2004 report).
 
1993
2000
2003
  Northern Africa
51.5
48.8
46.8
  Sub-Saharan Africa
62.0
62.3
62.8
  Latin America and the Caribbean
49.7
44.8
48.6
  Eastern Asia
52.6
41.6
41.0
  Southern Asia
64.3
64.0
62.1
  South-Eastern Asia
58.2
55.4
58.2
  Western Asia
55.9
52.3
48.3
  Oceania
59.2
56.5
55.6
Commonwealth of Independent States
38.1
28.0
29.6
Developed Regions
30.1
27.6
26.2
         
Target 17. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable, essential drugs in developing countries
 
Regions
 
Indicator 46. Population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
 
No global or regional data are available.
 
Target 18. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
         
Regions        
         
Indicator 47. Telephone lines and cellular subscribers
       
     
Number of telephone lines and cellular subscribers per 100 population
     
1990
2003
World  
10.1
40.5
  Developing Regions  
2.3
25.0
    Northern Africa  
2.9
21.0
    Sub-Saharan Africa  
1.0
6.0
    Latin America and the Caribbean
6.4
40.4
    Eastern Asia  
2.4
47.3
    Southern Asia  
0.7
7.1
    South-Eastern Asia  
1.4
20.9
    Western Asia  
10.0
45.8
    Oceania  
3.4
10.1
  Commonwealth of Independent States
12.5
29.4
  Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe
13.8
57.7
  Developed Regions
45.4
124.7
         
Indicator 48. Personal computers and Internet users
       
(a) Personal computers
     
Number of personal computers per 100 population
     
1990
2003
World  
2.5
10.1
  Developing Regions  
0.3
3.4
    Northern Africa  
0.1
2.0
    Sub-Saharan Africa  
0.3
1.2
    Latin America and the Caribbean
0.6
6.8
    Eastern Asia  
0.3
5.6
    Southern Asia  
0.0
1.1
    South-Eastern Asia  
0.3
2.8
    Western Asia  
1.2
5.6
    Oceania  
0.0
6.1
  Commonwealth of Independent States
0.3
6.8
  Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe
0.2
6.5
  Developed Regions  
11.1
44.9
       
(b) Internet users
   
Number of internet users per 100 population
   
1990
2003
World  
0.05
11.1
  Developing Regions  
0.0
5.1
    Northern Africa  
0.0
3.4
    Sub-Saharan Africa  
0.0
1.1
    Latin America and the Caribbean
0.0
9.0
    Eastern Asia  
0.0
8.9
    Southern Asia  
0.0
1.7
    South-Eastern Asia  
0.0
6.1
    Western Asia  
0.0
7.2
    Oceania  
0.0
3.8
  Commonwealth of Independent States
0.0
3.6
  Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe
0.0
13.5
  Developed Regions  
0.3
44.8
         
Sources :
United Nations Inter-Agency and Expert Group on the Millennium Development Goals Indicators and United Nations Millennium Indicators Database http://millenniumindicators.un.org. The reports and composition of the Inter-Agency and Expert Group may be accessed at the Millennium Indictors Database Internet site under “Key documents and sources”, http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mi/mi_links.asp.
 
Notes:
Except where indicated, regional groupings are based on United Nations geographical regions with some modifications necessary to create to the extent possible homogenous groups of countries for analysis and presentation. The regional composition adopted for 2005 reporting of MDG indicators is available at http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mi/mi_worldmillennium_new.asp.
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) comprises Belarus , Republic of Moldova , Russian Federation and Ukraine in Europe , and Armenia , Azerbaijan , Georgia , Kazakhstan , Kyrgyzstan , Tajikistan , Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan , in Asia.
Where shown, “Developed Regions” comprises Europe (except CIS countries), Canada , United States , Australia , Japan and New Zealand . Developed countries always include transition countries in Europe unless the latter are presented separately in the tables as “transition countries of south-eastern Europe ”.